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Clothing and textile wassce 2021 questions. Answer now

Clothing and textiles

Clothing and Textiles wassce 2021 questions.

Paper 2

Clothing and textiles. Answer four questions only

1. a. Explain consumer education to a first year high school home economics student.

b. State three reasons why it is important to study consumer educational

c. Explain three rights of a consumer when shopping for clothing items

d. State two difference between wholesalers and retailers

2. a. State five classes of sewing tools and equipment according to their functions.

b . Give one example of sewing tools and equipment under each class stated in 2(a)  above. Clothing and textiles

c. State five ways by which a clothing and textile business can be sustained

3. a. Explain four factors that determine the amount of fabrics needed to make a shirt for a teenager

b. State three measurements needed to make a fitting skirt

c. Explain how to take any two of the measurements stated in 3 (.b) above

Clothing & textiles wassce 2021

4. a.Differentiate between synthetic fibers and regenerated fibres.

b. State three characteristics of each of the following:

I. Man- made fibres

II. Natural fibres

c. Mention Three finishing treatments giving to cotton fabrics.

d. Explain two of the finishing treatments mentioned in 4(c) above

5. a. State the two main classes of seams

b. With the aid of two well labeled diagrams, describe how to make a french seam.

c. Mention two faults which may occur when working a french seam.

d. Enumerate four ways of neatening a plain seam.

6. a. Explain any Three of the following terms as used in clothing and textiles.

I. Wardrobe

II. Patching

III. Arrangement of fullness

IV. Edge finishes

V. Principles of design

b. Give two examples of any two of the terms explained in 6(a) above

c. With the aid of two diagrams, show how to attach a facing to the scooped neckline

End of essay test.

Objective test.

Answer All questions in this section


1a.consumer education

It is the type of education give to consumers to help them buy goods and services without being influenced

b importance of consumer education

-to prevent impulse buying

– it encourages window shopping

– it prevents purchasing of dangerous and inferior goods and services

-it eliminates wastage in consumption

– it helps consumers to obtain the best value for money

c. Rights of a consumer

– right to be informed through advertisement, labels of products, publications from producers etc.

– right to basic needs

– right to warranties and guaranties

– right to safety and legal protection

– right to choose among goods and services

– right to express satisfactions about products and to be heard

Clothing & textiles wassce 2021

d. Difference between wholeselers and retailers

– wholeselers buy clothing items directly from manufacturers but retailers buy their products from wholeselers

_wholesellers sell their products in bulk while retailers sell products in single units.

– wholeselers Sell their products to retailers but retailers directly Sell their products to consumers

2. a. Classification of sewing tools

– stitching tools and equipment

– cutting tools and equipment

– pressing tools and equipment

– marking tools and equipment

– fitting tools and equipment

– storing tools and equipment

– measuring tools and equipment

b. – stitching tools and equipment; sewing machine, stiletto, budkin, thimble etc.

– cutting tools and equipment: Pinking shears, cutting out scissors, seam ripper etc.

– pressing tools and equipment: iron, blanket, ironing board, Tailor’s ham, pressing mitt, seam roll etc.

– marking tools and equipment: Tailor’s chalk, tracing wheel, dressmaker’s carbon

– fitting tools and equipment: dummy or dress stand, dressing mirror etc.

-storing tools and equipment: carbinet, wardrobe, suitcases, basket, trunks, etc.

– measure tools and equipment: tap measure, french curve, rule, yardstick, skirt curve

c. Ways of sustaining clothing business

– avoid impulse buying

– sell quality products but not inferior ones

– reduce giving out products on credit excessively

– always draw budget for your expenditure and follow it strictly.

_ avoid buying too much products on credit since items sold on credit attract higher interest

– do window shopping when making purchasing.

– maintain good customer relationship with your clients.

– always consider what your competitors are doing wrong and take advantage of it.

– use good marketing strategies to attract your targeted customers

Clothing & textiles wassce 2021

3. a. Factors that determine amount of fabrics needed. 

– the figure type.

– the style or design of the garment to be contracted

– type of fabric ( floral or directional patterns)

– money available

b.  Measurement required for skirt

-Waist measurement.

– hip measurement

– skirt length

c. How to take measurements

– waist: measure around the natural waist level at the novel .

– hip measurement: measure around the fullest part of the hips with two fingers placed in between.

4. a. Synthetic fibres are pure obtained from chemicals but regenerated fibres are obtained from the combination of plants materials and chemicals

b. I. Characteristics of man- made fibres

– they are Less absorbent

– they are stronger

– they are very lustrous

– they have high resilient

Clothing & textiles wassce 2021

Ii. Characteristics of natural Fibres

-they are very absorbent

– they are less lustrous

-they are less resilient

– they are less stronger

c. Finishes given to cotton

– calendaring


– sanforization.

– mercerization

– permanent glaze.

d. Explanation of finishes.

Calendaring: it is a finish applied to fabrics to smoothen their surfaces

trubenizing : is a finish applied to cotton fabrics to be permanently stiffened

Sanforization: it is a treatment given to fabrics to be resistant to shrinkage

mercerization; it is a finish applied to fabrics to improve luster, absorbency and increase strength.

permanent glaze: it is applied to fabrics to make them crease-resistant and water repellent.

5. a. classes of seam

– conspicuous seam

– inconspicuous seam

b. French seam.

Step. 1. Prepare a plan seam.

Step 2. Press the seam allowance to one side and trim about 3mm.

Step 3. Fold along stitched line with right sides together.


Step 4. Press well and stitch along the original seam line . Press the seam flat.

Clothing and textile wassce 2021

Final stage

c. faults that may occur

– raw edges may be showing if not well trimmed.

-the seam may look bulkier.

d. Ways of neatening a plain seam.


– attaching lace.

– facing

– binding

– hemming.

Solve the rest


1. garment for babies should be

A. Colourful and soft.

B. Warm and comfortable

C. Easy to launder

D. Comfortable and firm

2. An interlining is used to

A. Make fabric smooth

B. Give body and shape to the article

C.  Make fabric strong and smooth.

D. Stiffen part of the garment

3. A collection of scraps from dressmaker’s shop can be used for making

A. Door mat, bath towel and pair of shoes

B. Children dress, ring and bath towel

C. Door mat, hat and cooling racks

D. Patched table cloth, headgear and culottes

4. It is a good practice for consumers to

A. Always buy item in bulk to reduce cost

B. Buy low quality items to save money

C. Compare prices after shopping

D. Take a little more money than cost of items

5. A well groomed personality for an interview is a

A. Lady in a pair of shorts.

B.young man in a suit and a pair of sandals

C. Lady in a knee length dress with straps.

D. Man in a pair of trousers, shirt and a tie

6. General rules for the use of sewing machines include

A. Pulling the fabric as it passes under the presser foot

B. Raising the needle when turning corners

C. Lowering the presser foot when turning corners

D. Testing the stitch on a piece of fabric to be sewn.





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