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Pharmacology and Fundamentals in Nursing Questions & Answers

Pharmacology and Fundamentals in Nursing. Q&A

Pharmacology and Fundamentals in Nursing Questions & Answers





Pharmacology and Fundamentals in Nursing Questions & Answers

1. Hospital acquired infection is known as?

A. Droplet infection

B. Opportunistic infection

C. Nosocomial infection

D. Contamination



An. C. Nosocomial infection


2. Agent that inhabit the growth of bacteria is called..

A. Bacteriostatic

B. Bacteriocide

C. Sepsis

D. Antiseptic



An. B. Bacteriocide


3. Immediate disinfection of all contaminated articles during the cause of disease is called..

A. Terminal disinfection

B. Concurrent disinfection

C. Sterilization

D. Autoclaving




An. B. Concurrent disinfection


4. Disinfection of the patients unit after the discharge or death of the patient is called?

A. Terminal disinfection

B. Sterilization

C. Concurrent disinfection

D. Disinfection




An. A. Terminal disinfection


5. A person who harbours pathogenic organism of a disease in his body without showing the signs and symptoms of the disease is called?

A. Carrier

B. Fomite

C. Rodent

D. Pathogen




An. A. Carrier


6. Objects which are capable of transmitting diseases are called?

A. Sepsis

B. Asepsis

C. Fomite

D. Carrier




An. C. Fomite

A fomes or fomite is any inanimate object capable of transferring disease to a new host when contaminated with infectious agent such as bacteria or viruses.


 7. Destruction of all micro organisms both pathogenic and non pathogenic os called?

A. Disinfection

B. Sterilization

C. Immunization

D. Antiseptics




An. B. Sterilization


8. For effective sterilization in the autoclave the temperature should be?

A. 121°C

B. 121°F

C. 100°C

D. 100°F



An. A. 121°C


9. Rapid switching of the ventricles is ?

A. ventricular fibrillation

B. Atrial fibrillation

C. Sinus arrhythmia

D. Arrhythmia




An. A. ventricular fibrillation

10. Total cessation of breathing is called?

A. Apnea

B. Bradypnea

C. Orthopnea

D. Tachypnea




An. A. Apnea


11. Difficult laboured breathing is called?

A. Apnea

B. Orthopnea

C. Dyspnea

D. Tachypnea




An. C. Dyspnea


12. Rothera’s test is the test for?

A. Albumin

B. Sugar

C. Ketone bodies

D. Bile Salt




An.C. Ketone bodies


13. Brown crusts which are formed on the teeth and lips are called?

A. Calculus

B. Sordes

C. Tartar

D. Enamel





An. B. Sordes


14. Cracking or ulceration of the lips and angles of the mouth is called?

A. Pyorrhea

B. Calculus

C. Cheilosis

D. Sordes





An.C. Cheilosis


15. Inflammation of the stomach is called?

A. Stomatitis

B. Gastritis

C. Cheilosis

D. Enteritis




An. B. Gastritis


16. The term dysphagia means?

A. Difficulty in swallowing

B. Difficult in speaking

C. Indigestion

D. Regurgitation





An. A. Difficulty in swallowing


17. A sensation of a sickness with inclination to vomit is called?

A. Nausea

B. Regurgitation

C. Loss of appetite

D. Increase appetite




An. A. Nausea


18. Backflow of partially digested food into the from the stomach is called?

A. Vomiting

B. Regurgitation

C. Nausea

D. Dyspepsia




An. B. Regurgitation


19. Painful michurition (urination) is called as?

A. Anuria

B. Dysuria

C. Oliguria

D. Polyuria





20. The conditional of having gas in the gastrointestinal tract is called?

A. Distention

B. Retention

C. Meteorism

D. Constipation



An. C. Meteorism



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