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Fashion: Sewing Machine, Types, Parts & functions, Classification of sewing tools

Sewing Machine, Types, Parts & functions, Classification of sewing tools

Fashion: Sewing Machine, Types, Parts & functions, Classification of sewing tools

 

 

Fashion: Sewing Machine, Types, Parts & functions, Classification of sewing tools

Classification of Tools and Equipment

equipment by function/use:
1. pressing tools and equipment eg
-iron
-ironing board
-blanket/pressing cloth
-sleeve board
-tailors ham

2. stitching/sewing tools and equipment eg
-bodkin
-thimble
-pin cushion
-pins
– hand needle
-sewing machine

3. fitting tools and equipment eg.
-dummy/dress stand
-long mirror

4. measuring tools and equipment eg
-French curve
-rule
-tape measure
-yardstick
T-square
-hem gauge

5. cutting tools and equipment eg
-shears/cutting out scissors
-awl/stiletto
-seam ripper
-pinking shears
-trimming scissors
-paper cutting scissors

6. storing tools and equipment
-hangers
-wardrobe
-jewellery box
-cabinet
Suit case
Trunk

7. marking tools and equipment
-tailors chalk
-tracing wheel
-eraser
-pencil
-dressmakers carbon

factors that affect the choice of sewing equipment and tools.

– available money
– expertise
-ease to care for
-durability
– space, etc

The sewing machines

Factors to consider in buying the sewing machine
-durability
-money available
-type or brand
Ability to use
-the purpose of the machine
-availability of space
-availability of spare parts

Ways of caring for the sewing machine

-Oil it regularly
-Never use it while any part is loose
-Cover it with its cover when not in use
-remove all pins and threads when the sewing machine is not in use
-servicing it occasionally

Common faults to encounter when using the sewing machine

-missed stitches
-thread breaking
-broken needle
-loops on the wrong side of stitching
-loops on the right side of stitching

.Types of sewing machines:

– hand sewing machine
– treadle sewing machine
– electric sewing machine

Advantages of hand sewing machine

-it is good for beginners
-it is portable
-it is less expensive
Does not occupy much space
-can be used where there is no electricity

Disadvantages of hand sewing
Machine

-it works slowly-it is less efficient
– cannot perform many functions/operations
-only one hand controls the stitching

Advantages of treadle machine

-works faster than hand machine
-does not require the use of electricity
-it is efficient than hand machine
-both hands are free to control the stitching

Disadvantages of treadle machine

-it is expensive than hand machine
-it is slower as compared to electric sewing machine
-it is no good for beginners
-it occupies large space
-it is not portable
-cannot perform many functions

Advantages of electric sewing machine

-it works faster
-both hands are free to control the work
-it is efficient
-it saves time and energy
-can perform many operations

Disadvantages of electric sewing machine


-not good for beginners
-cannot be used when there is no light
-it is very expensive
-can develop electric fault
-some are not portable

 

Fashion: Sewing Machine, Types, Parts & functions, Classification of sewing tools

Parts of the sewing machine and their functions:

handle -use to set the machine into motion
balanced wheel-controls the movement of the sewing machine
feed dog, – pushes fabric forwards and backwards when sewing
presser foot- holds fabric in position when sewing
spool pin– it holds the reel of the thread
bobbin- thread is wind on it
stitch regulator-regulates the length of stitches
bobbin winder-for winding thread around the bobbin
thread guide-holds the thread in position
tension disc– regulates the tension of the thread (tightening and losing the thread)
-thread-take-up leaver-controls the flow of the thread in the needle

Read also on

https://educationalhealthynews.com/education/education-on-fibre-and-fabric-differences-types-examples-classifications-care-and-finishes/

 

 

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